Flame Retardant Notoxicom® B6000 (FR PC/ABS) and Notoxicom® S6000 (FR PC/ASA)
Polymer Compounders Limited (PCL) are very proud to announce an entirely new category of product which will redefine flame retardant polymers. After many years of complex research and development, Notoxicom® B6000 (FR PC/ABS) and Notoxicom® S6000 (FR PC/ASA) have now been launched. Over time it is expected that the Notoxicom® family of products will grow further to support the innovation of our customers.
Notoxicom® is our registered tradename for specialist halogen and aryl ester free flame retardant polymers. What makes these materials so special is that they retain industry-leading performance, whilst being much less toxic products. Within this range, we have polymers to suit many applications from battery casings to the state-of-the-art medical devices
“World’s first UL94 V0 at 0.75mm halogen and aryl phosphate ester free FR PC/ABS and FR PC/ASA materials that do not compromise on material properties.”(Stephen Blair, 2021, Technical Manager).
As the world around us is changing, so are our polymer needs, more eco-friendly conscientious and safer choices are being made by consumers daily around the globe.
With the addition of the standard flame retardants in Engineering Styrenics and their blends such as TBBA and RDP/BPA-DP to the European Chemical agency (ECHA) CORAP (Community rolling action plan) list, Polymer Compounders Ltd (PCL) knew something needed to happen about the types of additives used in all significant flame retardant applications.
Understanding the significance of the upcoming ECHA review and the consequence of a shift in the industry, it made sense for PCL to pursue the development of their new patented polymer and help facilitate a positive change to safer flame retardant materials for the reasons outlined by the ECHA.
PCL, with a combined knowledge and experience of over 50 years of polymer science, accomplished the development of not one, but two non-halogenated flame retardant materials. The materials are: Notoxicom® B6000 – an FRPC/ABS Blend and Notoxicom® S6000 – an FR PC/ASA blend.
Both Notoxicom® B6000 and Notoxicom® S6000 materials are not only safer and better overall for the environment but are also much better at carrying out the job required of any halogenated and aryl phosphate ester based flame-retardant polymer. Lastly and most importantly, they are compliant with the ECHA.
How were these objectives achieved, and what are the key innovations?
The first key innovation centred around the fact that traditionally when you add an additive or flame retardant package to a material, you ultimately sacrifice performance in another area such as heat performance or strength.
This means the polymer could end up with a lower impact strength and/or a lower tolerance to heat. Simply put, traditional flame retardant materials are unable to stand up to the rigours of the moulding process for an extended time. Non halogenated flame retardancy packages are not bound within the matrix of the polymer. Due to this, the additives in turn react or start the migration process in the injection moulding barrel if the residence time is too long. Another weakness of traditional flame-retardant packages is that the final moulded component will have lower stiffness at elevated temperatures because the flame-retardant package has a plasticizing effect on the host polymer. In addition, standard FR/ABS materials that also contain halogens utilise additional chemicals such as Antimony Trioxide as a co synergist to generate the compound which in turn extinguishes the flame.
Notoxicom® B6000 (FR PC/ABS) and Notoxicom® S6000 (FR PC/ASA) on the other hand maintain their properties in all areas, which enable them to be utilized in many applications. They achieve this by not separating the flame retardancy from the polymer at the molecular level, essentially acting as one, with nothing leaching out.
What is unique about this technology development, and what are its implications?
PCL’s technological development has ultimately proved that the use of halogens or liquid phase materials are not necessary when creating a superior flame retardant polymer. It has also shown that safer products such as Notoxicom® B6000 (FR PC/ABS) and Notoxicom® S6000 (FR PC/ASA) surpass all the required technical aspects of a flame retardant in a much better way.
PCL has been working closely for many months during the formula development stage of the products, with an industry-leading test house working to ISO 9001: 2015 accreditation for all results.
In Summary, what were the key objectives of this material development?
Notoxicom® B6000 (FR PC/ABS) and Notoxicom® S6000’s (FR PC/ASA) properties’ can be broken down and summarised into the following:
- To be a material with a Halogen Free classification, which also has a favourable toxicity profile when compared with all other halogenated flame-retardant materials.
- A material that does not migrate from host plastic.
- A material that does not ‘bioaccumulate’.
- A better melt processable material.
- Notoxicom® B6000 (FR PC/ABS) and Notoxicom® S6000 (FR PC/ASA) also maintain their physical properties and attributes in all areas compared with halogenated and liquid non halogenated flame-retardant materials.
- Patented and manufactured in the UK at PCL’s Durham manufacturing site with short lead times.
Notoxicom® B6000 (FR PC/ABS) – Technical Data
|High flow and excellent complex tooling processability.|
|Good heat performance Vicat (B/50) – 125°|
|Excellent Impact performance – 46 kJ/m2.|
|Halogen-Free UL94 V0 rating at 0.75mm.|
|GWIT at 960°C|
|5% Lower density (Sg of 1.14g/cm3) compared to similar FR PC/ABS materials.|
|Click here to view the full ISO 9001:2015 datasheet for Notoxicom® B6000. FR PC ABS|
Notoxicom® B6000 (FR PC/ABS), being the slightly tougher of the two products with an impact of 46 kJ/m2 would be an excellent choice for highly specialised automotive applications such as EV battery casings or applications that require toughness, with exceptional flame retardancy.
Notoxicom® S6000 (FR PC/ASA) – Technical Data
|Excellent UV Stability|
|High flow and excellent complex tooling processability.|
|Good heat performance Vicat (B/50) – 125°C.|
|Excellent Impact performance –15 kJ/m2.|
|Halogen Free UL94 V0 rating at 0.75mm.|
|GWIT at 960°C.|
|5% Lower density (SG of 1.14g/cm3) compared to similar FR PC/ASA materials.|
|Click here to view the full ISO 9001:2015 datasheet for Notoxicom® S6000.||FR PC ASA|
Notoxicom® S6000 (FR PC/ASA), with its great weathering capabilities, is an excellent choice for any outdoor application that also requires class-leading flame retardancy.
PCL’s intention and persistence from the beginning to keep key performance attributes has meant that both halogen and aryl phosphate ester free flame retardant’s Notoxicom® B6000 (FR PC/ABS) and Notoxicom® S6000 (FR PC/ASA) have a market-leading balance of flow, impact, high-temperature performance and processability. Furthermore, and most importantly, both materials do not contain any toxic halogens or aryl phosphate ester, which enables a safer world for everyone.
Flame Retardants and Key Precursor; Yellow Phosphorus (YP)
Within the world economy, China manufactures and supplies more than 70% of the world’s supply of Yellow Phosphorus or (YP) for short. In recent times due to growing pressure from the different economic nations to move toward a greener solution for a greener healthier planet. China has decided to shut down a significant capacity of its ‘coal-powered manufacturing plants which make the ‘Yellow Phosphorus’ precursor. As a result, the world’s supply of this key product has dropped significantly. China accounts for 70% of the world’s production of YP. China took this action to help clean up the environment and have further imposed a 90% reduction in the production of YP at some major producers.
What effect has this had on the polymer market?
This chain of events is being felt across both the manufacturing and polymer industries, pushing the prices of certain materials higher than they have ever been. Additionally, all major FR ABS materials and FR PC ABS materials rely on this precursor almost in their entirety. Manufactures of these products require large amounts of RDP and BDP from producers. We are not suggesting that Notoxicom® is entirely immune to this issue, but we are pleased to be able to say that our superior flame retardant product range Notoxicom® is readily available; despite all that is going on in these precarious times. Several factors contribute to this but our key innovation within the product; utilizing new technologies has made this so.
To give some medical context to what the Notoxicom® family of products is all about please take a look at the following case studies which show technical medical data that outlines the dangers of all older flame retardant technologies. Notoxicom® is pioneering in that it does not use the older more dangerous chemistry.
The first case-study outlines the following:
In Vitro Human Metabolism of the Flame Retardant Resorcinol Bis(diphenylphosphate) (RDP)
Resorcinol bis(diphenylphosphate) (RDP) is widely used as a flame retardant in electrical/electronic products and constitutes a suitable alternative to decabrominated diphenyl ether. Due to its toxicity and its recently reported ubiquity in electronics and house dust, there are increasing concerns about human exposure to this emerging contaminant….. https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es505857eAna Ballesteros-Gómez†, Nele Van den Eede†, and Adrian Covaci – 2015
The second case-study outlines the following:
Plummeting sperm counts, shrinking penises: toxic chemicals threaten humanity
“The chemicals to blame for our reproductive crisis are found everywhere and in everything”
The chemicals to blame for this crisis are found in everything from plastic containers and food wrapping, to waterproof clothes and fragrances in cleaning products, to soaps and shampoos, to electronics and carpeting. Some of them, called PFAS, are known as “forever chemicals”, because they don’t breakdown in the environment or the human body. They just accumulate and accumulate – doing more and more damage, minute by minute, hour by hour, day by day. Now, it seems, humanity is reaching a breaking point…… https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2021/mar/18/toxic-chemicals-health-humanity-erin-brokovichErin Brockovich – 18th March 2021
Notoxicom® in addition to everything mentioned above; has an underlying formula that enables it to meet GreenScreen® level 3 requirements. More information on what GreenScreen® is all about can be found here: https://www.greenscreenchemicals.org/learn/full-greenscreen-method
If you need don’t require flame retardancy in a PC ASA plastic but still want industry-leading performance check out PC-ASACOM S9470. – “A superior high heat modified PC/ASA blend, for exterior applications”. –(Stephen Blair, 2021, Technical Manager).